What is it?
Cystoscopy is an office procedure that allows a doctor to look into your bladder and urethra with a small telescopic camera. Your doctor may recommend this procedure for a number of urologic issues and will explain why they think you may benefit from it.
Why is it performed?
Cystoscopy is a diagnostic procedure, meaning it is performed to investigate the cause of some urinary symptoms:
- Urinary leakage
- Frequent urinary infections
- Blood in the urine (hematuria)
- History of urinary tract cancer-Bladder or Prostate
How to Prepare for the Procedure:
You may take your normal medications and can eat meals on the day of your procedure. Sometimes your physician may give some antibiotics to take before or after your procedure. If you are having any blood in the urine, burning with urination, foul smelling urine or cloudy urine please let your physician know as this might be signs of a urinary infection. They may decide to post pone your procedure until your infection is treated.
How is the procedure performed?
Cystoscopy can be easily performed and tolerated without general anesthesia. The procedure itself takes only 1-2 minutes. You will be asked to undress from the waist down and lay flat on your back. You will be covered with a surgical drape and the opening to your urethra will be cleaned and a numbing jelly (lidocaine) will be applied. The doctor will then slowly insert the cystoscope into the bladder. Initially you may feel a strong pressure to urinate. Once complete the physician will remove the cystoscope.
What to expect after the procedure:
The procedure has very low risk of infection, bleeding or injury to urethra or bladder. Your physician will likely provide you a single dose of antibiotic to be taken at home after the procedure. You may have some small amount of blood in the urine, or burning with urination after the procedure. This typically subsides within 48 hours. We advise you drink extra fluids after the procedure (about 12 cups over the next 24 hours).